Parlato Case: For AUSA Anthony M. Bruce, Complexity = Criminality

Former Assistant US Attorney Anthony M. Bruce

By: J.J. O’Hara

[This is Part 14 of a series of articles that I am writing about the pending prosecution of Frank Parlato (Frank’s trial is scheduled to start on May 19th). As usual, readers are encouraged to ask questions – which I will endeavor to answer on a timely basis.


In my last post about this case, I reviewed the evidence that Frank Parlato’s attorneys turned over to then-U.S. Assistant Attorney Anthony M. Bruce on March 17, 2015 to prove that Frank had not attempted to defraud Clare and Sara Bronfman.

Despite the fact that this evidence conclusively proved that the Bronfman sisters were both lying about their business dealings with Frank – and that Clare had, in fact, perjured herself in her testimony before the grand jury that eventually indicted Frank – Bruce refused to back down.

And so it was that when Bruce eventually followed through on his promise to indict Frank, one of the charges concerned Frank’s alleged defrauding of the Bronfman sisters.

Indeed, that charge was featured prominently in the nineteen count indictment that was issued on November 20, 2015.

And that charge would remain in place until May 23, 2018 – which is when the U.S. Attorney’s Office for the Western District of New York (WDNY) issued a superseding eighteen-count indictment that totally omitted all references to Clare and Sara Bronfman (Since Bruce had quit his AUSA job shortly after Frank was indicted, someone else had to clean up this part of the original indictment).

Gone but not forgotten: Clare and Sara Bronfman

That superseding indictment was issued just two months before Clare Bronfman was indicted for her role in the NXIVM criminal enterprise – and was an obvious attempt by WDNY officials to distance themselves from the Bronfman sisters.

So anxious were they to accomplish that objective that they never charged Clare for her perjurious testimony before the grand jury that indicted Frank.

Of course, doing that would likely have exposed the fact that former AUSA Bruce was well aware that Clare’s testimony was false – and that he had suborned that perjury in order to ensure that Frank was indicted.


The Phony IRS-Related Charges

Bruce had given his word that he would get Frank indicted.

So, it really didn’t matter all that much to him that Frank’s attorneys had produced conclusive evidence that he did not commit any of the crimes that Bruce indicated he was considering bringing against him.

Anthony Bruce retired after getting Frank Parlato indicted. 

That’s why Bruce chose to totally ignore all the refutational evidence that Frank’s attorneys had produced regarding Frank’s business dealings with Larry Reger, a well-renowned developer and investor in Niagara Falls, NY.

And it’s why Bruce chose to ignore all the contradictory evidence that those same attorneys had produced regarding Frank’s business dealings with the Bronfman sisters.

And as mind-boggling as those decisions were, it was really Bruce’s contortions regarding the IRS-related charges that truly demonstrate just how committed he was to indicting Frank.

Normally, when someone gets indicted for an IRS-related crime, it’s because they didn’t file any tax returns for several years – or the returns they did file contained numerous and egregious misrepresentations or omissions.

Fair enough, right?

If you don’t report your income and pay the applicable taxes, you get charged with tax evasion.

Unless, of course, your Keith Raniere, Nancy Salzman or any of the hundreds of other individuals who did not report some or all of their NXIVM-related income.


How Multiple Companies & Multiple Bank Accounts Got Turned Into a Crime

During the course of its multi-year investigation of Frank and his business dealings, federal investigators had established the fact that he had established some 15 companies – and opened 50 bank accounts – over the course of 12 years.

This was not particularly hard for them to do – especially since Frank voluntarily handed over his business records to them.

He thought he had nothing to worry about since all of his business dealings were above-board and undertaken at the advice of his accountant and attorneys.

Every one of the 15 companies had paperwork that denoted Frank’s ownership interest.

And every one of those 50 bank accounts was opened under Frank’s Social Security Number and home address.

Sure it was a bit complicated – but that didn’t mean it was illegal.

And while it was true that Frank had been late in filing some tax returns, they were all caught up – and he had paid every penny of tax that he owed – including late fees and penalties – long before he was indicted.

But Bruce had made a commitment to indict Frank – and even if there was nothing wrong with someone having multiple companies and multiple bank accounts, Bruce figured that he could somehow wrangle those things into an alleged crime.

Which is exactly what he did.

When he found out that he couldn’t charge Frank with tax evasion or tax fraud, Bruce decided to charge him with the much more nebulous crime of “Corrupt Interference With the Administration of the Internal Revenue Laws”.

Then, using that charge as the springboard, Bruce cited seven specific cash transfers between bank accounts as “Wire Fraud” – and nine such transfers as “Engaging in Monetary Transactions in Property Derived From Specific Unlawful Activity”.

And to top things off, Bruce threw in one count of “Conspiracy to Commit Wire Fraud” – which was based on the same cash transfers as the “Wire Fraud” charges (The conspiracy was based on the fact that Frank’s assistant had made some of the cash transfers).

And that’s how AUSA Anthony M. Bruce was able to bring about the indictment of Frank Parlato on nineteen (19) felony counts:
– One (1) count of “Conspiracy to Commit Fraud” against the Bronfman sisters and Larry Reger;
– One (1) count of “Corrupt Interference With the Administration of the Internal Revenue Laws”;
– Seven (7) counts of “Wire Fraud”;
– Nine (9) counts of “Engaging in Monetary Transactions in Property Derived From Specific Unlawful Activity”; and
– One (1) count of “Conspiracy to Commit Wire Fraud”.

Bruce’s plan was both simplistic and insidious.

Start out with the baseless claim that Frank had defrauded Larry Reger and the Bronfman sisters (Reger never complained of any such fraud – and the Bronfman sisters’ claim was based on proven lies).

The late Larry Reger

Next, cite the fact that Frank had multiple companies and multiple bank accounts as an indication that he was trying to make it hard for the IRS to track his business dealings. Not that he didn’t pay his taxes on those business dealings – just that his business structure was complex and hard to follow.

Having leveled the IRS-related charge, Bruce could then cite seven specific cash transfers as instances of wire fraud (Since there was nothing particularly noteworthy about the seven cited transfers, Bruce could have actually charged Frank with hundreds of counts of wire fraud).

And then Bruce could count those same cash transactions – and a couple of others – as instances of engaging in monetary transactions that involved cash that was obtained through illegal activity (Once again, since there was nothing unique about any of the cited cash transfers, Bruce could have actually charged Frank with hundreds of counts of this “crime”).

And lastly, toss in a conspiracy to commit wire fraud charge because Frank’s assistant handled several of the cash transfers.

Hell of a job, Anthony Bruce, hell of a job.

Willie Savino must have been very proud of you – and likely just as appreciative.

Here’s to you, Tony Bruce. Hell of a job!


Evidence Produced by Frank’s Attorneys Proved He Did Not Intend to Defraud the IRS

Back on March 17, 2015, Frank and his attorneys still believed that Anthony M. Bruce could be convinced to stop investigating Frank if they just showed him enough evidence to disprove his allegations about Frank.

Little did they know that no matter how much exculpatory evidence they produced, Bruce was going to see that Frank got indicted.

And so it was that Frank’s attorneys provided clear and convincing evidence to rebut Bruce’s third allegation against Frank: i.e., that Frank had established multiple companies – and opened multiple bank accounts – in order to obstruct the IRS.

To begin with, they noted that all the questioned transactions occurred in direct response to filings and rulings in the numerous lawsuits that Shmuel Shmueli had initiated against Frank and Larry Reger.

Shmuel Shmueli

Of particular note were the multiple attempts that Shmueli made in 2009 – all via ex parte orders – to freeze or attach the operating bank accounts regarding the One Niagara building.

Also noteworthy was Shmueli’s attempt to have a Receiver appointed to take over control of the One Niagara building.

As noted in the document they provided to Bruce, Frank’s attorneys explained that he established the multiple companies – and opened the multiple bank accounts – at the advice of his attorney:

“Understandably, the One Niagara litigation caused Mr. Parlato great concern. Although plaintiffs had not successfully frozen assets of Mr. Parlato or of the companies, Mr. Parlato knew plaintiffs would continue their campaign and, in the event that such application was ever successful, it would cripple the operations of Tourist Services and One Niagara. Mr. Parlato consulted with his long-time attorney, Paul A. Grenga, Esq., who advised Mr. Parlato to move money out of Tourist Services to protect it from being seized in litigation through the use of “disregarded entities” – entities that, Mr. Grenga asserted, would simply hold the funds belonging to Tourist Services but that would not otherwise create a taxable event”…

“Believing the use of such entities to be uncontroversial and proper, throughout 2009 Mr. Parlato continued to form such entities in order to shield funds from the hotly contested litigation. Additionally, as further evidence that there was no intent to hide the money in the disregarded entities from the government, Mr. Parlato used his social security number on each account and listed himself as the owner of each account”.

To me, the two most important things to take away from this aspect of the case are (a) that Frank was following the advice of his attorney when he established the multiple companies and opened the multiple bank accounts – and (b) that Frank’s name and Social Security Number were used on every one of those bank accounts.

If Frank wanted to hide what he doing from the IRS – and obstruct its ability to investigate his business dealings – then why the hell would he list his name and his Social Security Number on all of the bank accounts?

Seriously, if Frank was the serious criminal that Anthony M. Bruce alleged him to be, then Frank should have taken up another line of work.


This ends the analysis of the 21-page report that Franks’ attorneys turned over to Anthony M. Bruce on March 17, 2015.

Unfortunately, Bruce chose to use the information contained in that report to refine his allegations against Frank – and to come up with new charges.

Bruce could never be convinced that Frank did not commit any crimes.

That’s because Bruce had made a commitment to get Frank indicted – and regardless of the facts, he was going to ensure that got done.

For, if nothing else, Anthony M. Bruce is a man of his word…

Previous posts in this series can be accessed at:
Part 1: The Buffalo News Raises Questions About Frank Parlato’s Case – More Detailed Analysis Needed

Part 2: The Convoluted History of U.S. v. Parlato Began With Bronfman Sisters

Part 3: The Federal Case Against Frank Parlato – a Prosecution in Search of a Crime

Part 4: What Are the Charges in U.S. v. Parlato — and What Do They Mean?

Part 5: The Conman Cometh – Schmuel Schmueli – Who, Combined With the Bronfmans, Led to Parlato’s Indictment

Part 6: Fate Brings Conman Shmuel Shmueli Into Frank Parlato’s Life

Part 7: Why Frank Parlato Established Several Companies and Multiple Bank Accounts

Part 8: Why Did Anthony Bruce’s Boss Not Intervene in the Case of the U.S. v. Parlato? – Governor Cuomo’s Lt Governor Was Married to the US Attorney at the Time!

Part 9: The Persecution of Frank Parlato: What Have We Learned so Far

Part 10: Where’s the Beef? Feds Will Try to Convict Parlato on Insinuations Rather Than Facts

Part 11: Feds Refused to Accept Proof of Frank Parlato’s Innocence – Pushed Ahead With Indictment

Part 12: Frank Parlato’s Attorneys Refuted Allegations but That Didn’t Stop Anthony M. Bruce From Moving Forward

Part 13: F—k the Facts – Full Steam Ahead With False Indictment of Frank Parlato – With AUSA Tony Bruce Suborning Perjury

About the author

J.J. O'Hara


Click here to post a comment

Please leave a comment: Your opinion is important to us! (Email & username are optional)

  • It’s obvious that there are sick people out to get Parlato – possibly because he is talking to reporters about NXIVM and did that story on Discovery. NXIVM was a business – it was allowed to run because it made people $ and now it doesn’t – so those who no longer benefit want Parlato to pay.
    They ought to be arrested and exposed. What else are they doing?

  • The story is good. But I would recommend to make it easier to follow. The less complex is best for juries in my opinion..
    Go Frank!

  • Many Frank Report readers and comments do not understand how Frank Parlato was indicted, if he is innocent, by a grand jury. A simple explain is provided below.

    Here is what grand juries are and what they are not:

    Grand juries are usually not sequestered.

    Grand jurors don’t have to swear they have
    no opinions about whatever they are investigating.

    Defense lawyers and judges are not allowed in the grand jury room.

    It is more difficult for a person being investigated to challenge or “strike” a grand juror from hearing a case.

    Grand juries may take direction from a prosecutor or go out on their own to seek information and testimony.

    Grand juries generally produce three kinds of reports:
    1. a true bill, which is an indictment, which means the person goes to a trial hearing
    2. a no true bill, which means the panel didn’t find enough evidence to move the case forward for prosecution
    3.the grand juries sometimes write reports about what they have investigated, for instance, systematic problems in the justice system.

    Hearsay evidence is allowed in grand jury testimony, unlike in open court.

    Grand juries do not have to be in total agreement to return an indictment in a case.

    Grand juries issue indictments based on whether there is probable cause to believe a person is guilty of a crime. That is a much lower level of proof than is required for a conviction.

  • How about the fact that the Bronfman’s reneged on their deal with Frank to develop the Precision properties? Can that be put into evidence in their defense? Isn’t that illegal? In CA even a verbal agreement is binding, ostensibly.

    I saw those properties — went on a little mission for Jim Odato — and I’ll tell you what’s criminal is the way they were left to rot and slide down the hillsides — as if the alleged work crews knew their job was to testify against the Plyams when the time came, not to take proper care of the properties.

    • Good grief….for someone who was not tied directly to this group, you know absolutely everything, don’t you?!?! Please go start your own blog elsewhere. Or perhaps once you have your claws into your son’s trust, you will be too busy shopping to bother with this site! Good luck with that!

      • Did she say something you disagree with? Or are you still shedding tears about Heidi calling your glamorous Clifton Park a shithole?

        Just because CP is in your name doesn’t mean that you’re also a shithole. Or does it…??? Nevermind. Forget this last part – but my first two questions stand.

  • Apparently some people in the US DOJ want defendants to be defenseless in the face of relentless persecution by litigious con artists.
    Clowns like Schmuel Schmnueli and the Bronfman Brats can engage in relentless persecution but woe to the person who tries to fight back, even with methods that are legal.

  • Finally, Joe O’Hara has written an article that makes me truly believe that Frank can prove to the jury that he had no criminal ‘intent’ on any of the charges.

    I can see why Frank hasn’t cut any plea deals and is ready to go to trial.

    Intent is everything here —- and the DOJ would have a hard time winning this case even in a civil court, LOL, let alone a criminal court.

    Even if the standard were 51% preponderance of evidence, I’d still side with Frank’s attorneys if I were a juror (and I’m no friend of Frank’s, as I honestly think he’s mostly an asshole and a free speech nazi). …and that’s a civil trial I’m talking about, LOL.

    But in a criminal court where the standard is beyond a reasonable doubt, I just don’t see how the DOJ wins this case even in a fantasy scenario.

    At best, the DOJ can hang the jury with 1 or 2 wackjob holdouts for a conviction. But they won’t get a full verdict for a conviction.

    If I were a juror, IMO the DOJ just can’t eliminate Frank’s reasonable explanations (regarding his intent) on every charge.

    The DOJ can certainly challenge Frank’s ‘intent’ with alternate conclusions dreamed up in their own imaginations, but simply offering their own conclusions of Frank’s intent makes it a 50/50 case at best, even if they have convincing attorneys.

    Unless the DOJ can conclusively prove that Frank’s intent was to defraud the IRS (or) other individuals, and unless the DOJ can disprove Frank’s reasonable explanations with documents and facts — then I just don’t see them going to trial with this loser of a case.

    They’ll likely offer really sweet plea deals just before the trial or during jury selection, with no jail time, equivalent to a slap on the wrist.

    I just hope that Frank’s evidence for trial is as solid as Joe is claiming.

    As an aside… The only thing I’ll personally fault Frank’s attorneys for (back in 2008) is that when you have such a large payment that’s being disputed as either income or loan proceeds — the smartest way to protect yourself (from both civil penalties and criminal exposure) is to have a Written ‘Tax Opinion’ issued by a tax attorney (not a garden variety business attorney).

    A formal/written Tax Opinion advising Frank to put the money in an escrow account wouldn’t protect him from back taxes and interest of course (assuming he later lost his civil case) but it would protect him from criminal exposure. Plus, it would also protect him from excessive civil penalties that the IRS can add for ‘negligence’ and ‘fraud’. It would limit all civil penalties to just taxes and interest, while making criminal penalties virtually impossible.

    Thus, part of me wonders why Frank and his attorneys were so fucken stupid as to not do this back in 2008.

    • Too bad you don’t have more credibility on here, Banger, or your endorsement of Frank’s innocence might actually be worth something.

      But seeing as you’re Dennis Burke — allegedly being hunted by me and my cult following — not to mention a whole lotta upstanding Mexican citizens ticked off over that Obama-rigged drug cartel gun delivery — your vote of confidence will prolly put Frank and Chitra away for 10 to 20.

      • Heidi, if my heater ever breaks I’ll invite you over. Your hot air should warm at least my room and bathroom. All you do is name drop. State the facts, lady. Every time you talk about the cult stalking you reminds me of a geeked up tweaker peeking out of the window. You have a mental health disorder. It could mean you touch or even smell something that doesn’t exist. There are many different causes. It could be a mental illness called schizophrenia, a nervous system problem like Parkinson’s disease, epilepsy, or a number of other things. If you or a loved one has hallucinations, go see a doctor.

        • Good idea. Do you know one who will give me a disability qualifying diagnosis? BC, you see, my ex diverted our son’s bennies to his separate household through fraud and a SPECIAL NEEDS trust cannot be used for living expenses.

          BTW, why does only Bangkook get to use satire and sarcasm, now?

    • FOR SETTLEMENT PURPOSES ONLY 1 – The Government Cannot Show the Parties Entered into the Letter of Intent. She(Clare Bronfman) testified that it did not reflect the agreement on the $1M. Q: Well, let’s go to the language on the million dollars. Is that the language that you agreed to for the million dollars? A: I don’t believe it was. Trans. at 37:1-4. FOR SETTLEMENT PURPOSES ONLY

      Frank, why are you being harassed by your local government so badly? I only clipped this little part out above. There is more interesting things to be said about your case. I see Clare really did try to destroy you but even back in 2011 they couldn’t beat you. Is it the norm for your area of NY to fuck their tax paying citizens and business owners who bring jobs to the community over?

About the Author

Frank Parlato is an investigative journalist.

His work has been cited in hundreds of news outlets, like The New York Times, The Daily Mail, VICE News, CBS News, Fox News, New York Post, New York Daily News, Oxygen, Rolling Stone, People Magazine, The Sun, The Times of London, CBS Inside Edition, among many others in all five continents.

His work to expose and take down NXIVM is featured in books like “Captive” by Catherine Oxenberg, “Scarred” by Sarah Edmonson, “The Program” by Toni Natalie, and “NXIVM. La Secta Que Sedujo al Poder en México” by Juan Alberto Vasquez.

Parlato has been prominently featured on HBO’s docuseries “The Vow” and was the lead investigator and coordinating producer for Investigation Discovery’s “The Lost Women of NXIVM.” He also appeared in "Branded and Brainwashed: Inside NXIVM, and was credited in the Starz docuseries "Seduced" for saving 'slave' women from being branded and escaping the sex-slave cult known as DOS.

Additionally, Parlato’s coverage of the group OneTaste, starting in 2018, helped spark an FBI investigation, which led to indictments of two of its leaders in 2023.

Parlato appeared on the Nancy Grace Show, Beyond the Headlines with Gretchen Carlson, Dr. Oz, American Greed, Dateline NBC, and NBC Nightly News with Lester Holt, where Parlato conducted the first-ever interview with Keith Raniere after his arrest. This was ironic, as many credit Parlato as one of the primary architects of his arrest and the cratering of the cult he founded.

Parlato is a consulting producer and appears in TNT's The Heiress and the Sex Cult, which premieres on May 22, 2022.

IMDb — Frank Parlato

Contact Frank with tips or for help.
Phone / Text: (305) 783-7083