AUSA Tanya Hajjar on Keith Raniere – Her Views Seem to Support a Life Sentence for the Nxivm Sex-Trafficker

Tanya Hajjar

This is the first part of a series on Keith Alan Raniere preparatory to his sentencing, as we study the cult leader and examine what his possible sentencing may be.

Raniere is scheduled to be sentenced on May 21.  There is a good chance that date will be postponed due to coronavirus concerns.

However, it may be of interest to readers to get an idea of what the prosecution, who makes a sentencing recommendation, thinks of Raniere.

During his trial, during opening statements, one of his prosecutors, Tanya Hajjar gave her observations about Raniere for the benefit of the jury. She is an assistant United States Attorney in the Eastern District of New York.

AUSAs Moira Penza, and Mark Lesko also assisted Hajjar in the prosecution.

I doubt very much that much has changed in her view of him now that he has been convicted.

Raniere was defended by Marc Agnifilo, Teny Geragos, Paul Der Ohannesian, and Danielle Smith.

He was charged and convicted of sex trafficking conspiracy, sex trafficking and attempted sex trafficking, wire fraud conspiracy, forced labor conspiracy, racketeering conspiracy, and racketeering, with predicate acts of identity theft, visa fraud, forced labor, sex trafficking, extortion, money laundering, sexual exploitation of a child, and possession of child pornography.

The trial started on May 7, 2019 and concluded on June 19, when the jury came back from deliberations after about three hours with a guilty-on-all-counts verdict.

Photo leaked to Frank Report of Keith Raniere on the day of his arrest in Mexico.

Raniere has been in custody since March 26, 2018, when he was arrested in Mexico and deported to the US on that same day. As soon as his feet hit U.S. soil, he was immediately arrested by FBI agents who just happened to be in the area.

Because he was unable to persuade the judge to grant him bail, Raniere has already spent more than two years in custody – all of which will be credited towards his ultimate sentence unless, of course, he gets a life sentence in which case it won’t matter.

Raniere is 59 and faces a minimum penalty of 15 years for the sex trafficking count.

He can get anything above that for his sentence and, according to one source familiar with Raniere, it is being assumed by Raniere and his lawyers that he will get a life sentence.

Raniere plans on appealing the case and has also asked for a new trial based on the alleged perjury of two of the witnesses who testified against him, Daniela and Nicole.

Tanya Hajjar made the opening statement to the jury in Raniere’s trial.

Hers and the DOJ’s view of Raniere are likely to be included in his Pre-Sentencing Report – and the judge will almost certainly review this report prior to sentencing Raniere.

Let’s look back then at what Hajjar said about Raniere on May 7, 2019 in her opening statement, to get a likely glimpse of what is likely contained in the Pre-Sentencing Report for Raniere.

This is one of the best statements on the sum of Raniere and his works perhaps ever made – and suggests to me that the prosecution will seek a life sentence or at least 25-30 years, which will amount to about the same thing for Raniere.

By Tanya Hajjar

…. Keith Raniere claimed to be a leader but he was a con man. He targeted people who were looking to improve their lives. He drew them in slowly with promises of success, of money, of better relationships, and once he gained their trust, he exploited it.

[Raniere] said that he was a mentor but he was a predator. He targeted young girls, selecting some for special attention, but this was an excuse. He offered to mentor them to teach them and that was an excuse to groom them for sex.

The defendant took advantage of these young women, emotionally and sexually.

The defendant pretended to be a guru but he was a criminal and along with an inner circle of followers, he committed crimes, crimes of extortion, forced labor, sex trafficking, fraud, and the production and possession of child pornography….

Starting in 2003 and continuing until his arrest in March [2018], the defendant was the leader of a criminal organization in upstate New York and he relied on an inner circle of followers who supported him and promoted him and committed crimes for him.

They forced others to do work for him.

They tracked and monitored the email accounts of his enemies. They tampered with material that was to be used for a court case; they helped him sexually exploit his victims – all at his direction and all for his benefit.

This group became what the law calls a racketeering enterprise. They changed over time, the members of this group, but they all had the defendant in common. They served him and they were loyal to him.


During the course of this trial, you will learn that some people really believed in the defendant.  He created organizations that supposedly offered self-help programs…

One organization… was called NXIVM… Another organization [was] called DOS or The Vow, and all of these organizations were based on the defendant’s so-called teachings. They were pyramid in structure with a rank and a hierarchy, and always the defendant was at the top.

His followers called him “Vanguard.” They called him “Grand Master.”

Now, the defendant and his followers recruited people from all over the world .and in order to recruit, he sold himself as the smartest, most ethical man in the world.

He compared himself to Einstein, to Gandhi, and he recruited millionaire heiresses, he recruited TV actresses. He drew in followers that put their trust in him and he used that trust for the things that he wanted: sex, power and control.

Keith Raniere

The defendant maintained control over his followers and his criminal organization in several ways and one of them was by ensuring that no one questioned him. No one could challenge his authority.

If they did, they were called “prideful,” they were called “defiant,” and they needed to be taken down a notch. They needed to be put into place. The defendant used shame and humiliation as ways to break people down.

Some of the people the defendant recruited were not U.S. citizens and so could not legally work or live in the United States and so the defendant made them dependent on him in other ways and used the threat of deportation as a way of getting them to do what he wanted.

Another way the defendant maintained control was through isolation. He got his followers to move to his upstate, to his community in upstate New York, about a 30 minutes’ drive away from Albany.

He isolated his followers from their families and from their friends, and if anyone spoke out against him, he told his followers to shun that person, to cut that person out of their lives and never speak to them again.

The defendant learned that these were powerful tools to exploit people and to use them to his advantage….

One example involves a Mexican family that the defendant recruited to join his community in the early 2000s. The family had four children: three daughters and a son. The defendant offered to mentor the children, to tutor them, and the parents wanted their children to learn from the defendant, to follow in his teachings, and so the family moved from Mexico to the defendant’s community in upstate New York. But the defendant wasn’t really interested in mentoring or teaching. Instead, he had sex with all three daughters and in order to do it, he turned family against family, sister against sister…

The middle daughter, Daniella…  was particularly ripe and useful to the defendant. But when Daniella developed feelings for another man, the defendant punished her. He told her family that she had done something terrible, “an ethical breach” he called it, and that the only way for her to fix it would be to stay in a room without human contact and he turned Daniella’s parents against her and got them to go along with this plan.

It started with a weekend in a little room with nothing in it but a mattress on the floor, some pens and some paper, but it turned into weeks. It turned into months. It turned into years. The door was unlocked but Daniella felt she couldn’t leave. She was told that if she left the room, she would be taken back to Mexico, away from her family without her identification documents so she had no way of getting back.

MK10ART’s painting of Daniella

Every few days, Daniella wrote letters and notes to the defendant, “I’m sorry,” “I will be better,” “I will be different,” she wrote. “Will this earn your forgiveness?” “Is this sufficient?” A hundred times she wrote, “I’m sorry.” It wasn’t enough for the defendant.

It could never be enough.

The defendant told Daniella’s parents that she was a liar, that she should stay in the room for longer. He set up surveillance cameras outside the room so he can make sure she wouldn’t leave. And when Daniella finally left the room, nearly two years had gone by, two years of this young woman’s life wasted, and the defendant followed through with threats.

On his orders, Daniella was driven from New York to Mexico with little more than a few dollars and the clothes on her back and still, even then, it didn’t satisfy the defendant. He maintained control of her identification documents and ordered her to do work for him even while she was in Mexico and he withheld those documents including her birth certificate in order to make her do it.

For this conduct, the defendant is charged with trafficking Daniella for labor and services.

The youngest daughter’s name was Camila. The defendant had a nickname for her. “Virgin Camila” he called her. The defendant started having sex with Camila when she was just 15…. At that time, the defendant was 45.

The defendant took graphic, naked photographs of Camila, close-up photographs of her private parts. These images are child pornography and possessing them and producing them is a crime.

… These photographs of Camila were only part of the defendant’s collection. He took dozens of explicit photographs of women’s private parts that he kept in a folder on its computer which he labeled his studies, his souvenirs. And over the years, the defendant collected hundreds more of the same kind of photographs, graphic naked photographs, posed the same way that Camila’s were….

These photographs didn’t just serve his sexual needs. These photographs became instruments of coercion and of control. He used them to blackmail and to extort. He used them to increase his power.

In 2015, the defendant started an organization which was called DOS or The Vow – and the defendant recruited women into DOS to serve under him as his slaves. That’s what he called them, his slaves.

These women recruited other women, women who didn’t even know the defendant was the head of it all. They thought they were joining a women’s-only group that was all about helping other women. They didn’t know the defendant was their grand master.

It was through DOS that the defendant executed on a criminal plan involving forced labor, extortion, wire fraud and sex trafficking. It was a plan in which women pledged their commitment to him, a lifetime commitment, a lifetime of obedience. No matter what he said, he would be obeyed. And the defendant controlled these DOS slaves’ lives, he controlled their schedule, their diet, where they went, who they saw.

How did the defendant keep them in line, keep them as his slaves?

He demanded collateral, material that they could be extorted with. What is collateral? Collateral was a DOS slave’s deepest, darkest secrets, accusations, true or false, against family members, her bank account, the deed to her house, graphic naked photographs that she would never want released. In the defendant’s own words, it should be so distasteful to break the vow that a DOS slave would rather die than break it.

At the defendant’s orders, dozens of other women were recruited into DOS and these women believed they were joining a women’s empowerment group to make them happier, to make them stronger, to make them more successful. They trusted the women who recruited them. They had no idea, no way of knowing that these women were operating on the defendant’s orders and were under his control.

The DOS slaves were told that they would have to get a brand to symbolize their obedience, to symbolize their commitment, and this brand was done with a cauterizing pen, a handheld surgical tool, that burned the skin and left a permanent mark on their bodies.

This is what the brand looked like.

Now, the DOS slaves were told that the branding would be a bonding experience and a symbol of their empowerment, but what they didn’t know, what was deliberately withheld from them was they were being branded with the defendant’s own initials, a “K” and a backwards “R,” “KR” for Keith Raniere. And in the defendant’s words, he wanted his DOS slaves to be branded with his monogram.

After the DOS slaves were recruited, after they pledged their obedience, they were given assignments. The defendant gave them assignments that involved providing additional collateral, more naked photographs they didn’t want to give but felt they had no choice. Some of the assignments involved doing work for the defendant’s benefit and some of the assignments involved having sex with the defendant. I’m going to tell you about one of those assignments and a woman named Nicole…

Nicole is an actress in her 30s who believed that she was joining a women’s mentorship group when she agreed to join DOS and as collateral, she provided letters making damaging accusations against friends and loved ones.

Once she was in DOS, she was told to meet the defendant, she was ordered to meet the defendant, and they met in a room where she was blindfolded and the defendant tied her to a table.

Then a third person, someone Nicole didn’t know, came into the room and began performing oral sex on Nicole and Nicole felt she couldn’t say no. That third person, Nicole never found out who she was, but …  that … third person was Camila, the same girl the defendant victimized when she was just 15 years old. Now Camila had grown up. The same girl the defendant robbed of her innocence and of her childhood became a woman he used to victimize others.

Year after year, the defendant’s criminal organization grew as did his sense that he was unstoppable. If anyone criticized him publicly, the defendant fought back. He kept tabs on his enemies. He secretly monitored their emails.

He hired private investigators. He filed criminal complaints to silence his victims. He filed lawsuits to intimidate his enemies. This was organized crime and Keith Raniere was the crime boss.

Keith Raniere’s “Inner Circle”

Within the community, he was untouchable. His inner circle knew to carry out his orders and they became an extension of him. They did everything for him. They cooked his food; they paid his bills and they helped him commit crimes.

Through it all, the defendant maintained this charade. Even though he controlled virtually every aspect of his victim’s lives, he said this was all about empowerment, about women’s empowerment, but … what the defendant wanted had nothing to do with empowering women and had everything to do with enslaving them, everything to do with satisfying his desire for sexual gratification, for power and for control.

…  the defendant surrounded himself with people who believed he was a good person, who trusted him, who chose to follow him rather than to do the right thing. And some of these witnesses committed serious crimes…



About the author

Frank Parlato


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  • I agree with Frank’s assessment on Tanya Hajjar’s summation here. It is, overall, the best I’ve seen so far.

    Frustrated as I am with the failure of the NDNY DOJ and New York State to fully investigate and prosecute Raniere and, possibly, other defendants over the even more heinous crimes perpetrated outside Ms. Hajjar’s district, I’m in awe of these women on the EDNY prosecution team including Moira Penza.

    The fact that their DOJ colleagues in the NDNY have, pathetically, taken no action on NXIVM in the past two decades but to coverup and help obliterate Raniere’s ‘enemies’ aka whistleblowers) — underscores Hajjar & Penza’s valor.

    Thank you!

  • Hi Frank. You should check out this video:

    It is called “Out of the Shadwos”.

    It would likely be called a silly “conspiracy” video by many and the TPTB. However, what is relevant to the content of this site and surprised me as I was watching it, is that at about the 1hr and 5 minute mark it briefly discusses NXIVM, Keith Raniere, Allison Mack, Sarah Edmondson, etc. I think its worth posting a reference to it on your blog.

  • Kim Snyder
    Very good Shadow- that is correct! You are very smart!
    Keith deserves “Death” for the killing of my only sister- Kristin Marie Snyder. He killed her because she was pregnant & he couldn’t deal with having a child. He killed her- the blood is on his hands.
    This jerk deserves DEATH!!!!!!!

    • Thank you for your kind words, Kim.
      I have always regarded your sister Kristin as the greatest victim of Raniere and his criminal gang.
      I fervently hope and pray that the sentencing of Raniere can provide you with some measure of closure.
      Shadow State

    • Kim- Elaine Smiloff and Esther Chiappone and Heidi Clifford are so glad to know that you believe Keithy killed your sister. Elaine as far as I can tell was the last to see Kristin yet she walks God’s green earth. Or should I say the icy tundra?

About the Author

Frank Parlato is an investigative journalist.

His work has been cited in hundreds of news outlets, like The New York Times, The Daily Mail, VICE News, CBS News, Fox News, New York Post, New York Daily News, Oxygen, Rolling Stone, People Magazine, The Sun, The Times of London, CBS Inside Edition, among many others in all five continents.

His work to expose and take down NXIVM is featured in books like “Captive” by Catherine Oxenberg, “Scarred” by Sarah Edmonson, “The Program” by Toni Natalie, and “NXIVM. La Secta Que Sedujo al Poder en México” by Juan Alberto Vasquez.

Parlato has been prominently featured on HBO’s docuseries “The Vow” and was the lead investigator and coordinating producer for Investigation Discovery’s “The Lost Women of NXIVM.” Parlato was also credited in the Starz docuseries "Seduced" for saving 'slave' women from being branded and escaping the sex-slave cult known as DOS.

Additionally, Parlato’s coverage of the group OneTaste, starting in 2018, helped spark an FBI investigation, which led to indictments of two of its leaders in 2023.

Parlato appeared on the Nancy Grace Show, Beyond the Headlines with Gretchen Carlson, Dr. Oz, American Greed, Dateline NBC, and NBC Nightly News with Lester Holt, where Parlato conducted the first-ever interview with Keith Raniere after his arrest. This was ironic, as many credit Parlato as one of the primary architects of his arrest and the cratering of the cult he founded.

Parlato is a consulting producer and appears in TNT's The Heiress and the Sex Cult, which premiered on May 22, 2022. Most recently, he consulted and appeared on Tubi's "Branded and Brainwashed: Inside NXIVM," which aired January, 2023.

IMDb — Frank Parlato

Contact Frank with tips or for help.
Phone / Text: (305) 783-7083