DOJ Release on Superseding Indictment – for ‘Racketeering Conspiracy’

John Marzulli:
Tyler Daniels
United States Attorney’s Office
(718) 254-6323


New Defendants Include the President of Nxivm and Members of its Executive Board A superseding indictment was unsealed today in federal court in Brooklyn charging Keith Raniere, Clare Bronfman, Allison Mack, Kathy Russell, Lauren Salzman and
Nancy Salzman with racketeering conspiracy involving an array of crimes, including identity theft, extortion, forced labor, sex trafficking, money laundering, wire fraud and obstruction of justice.

Bronfman, Russell, Lauren Salzman and Nancy Salzman were arrested this morning.

Bronfman will be arraigned this afternoon before United States District Judge Nicholas G. Garaufis in Brooklyn. Russell and the Salzmans will be arraigned before United States Magistrate Judge David J. Stewart in Albany, New York. Raniere and Mack were previously arrested on the original indictment and will be arraigned on the superseding indictment tomorrow before Judge Garaufis in Brooklyn.

Raniere, who founded several pyramid-structured organizations including Nxivm, a purported self-help organization for women, and various related entities, and Mack, a high ranking member of Nxivm, were previously charged with sex trafficking and forced labor conspiracy in an indictment filed April 20, 2018.

Bronfman, a member of Nxivm’s executive board; Russell, Nxivm’s former bookkeeper; Lauren Salzman, a member of Nxivm’s executive board; and Nancy Salzman, the president of Nxivm, were charged for the first time in the superseding indictment.

Richard P. Donoghue, United States Attorney for the Eastern District of New York, and William F. Sweeney, Jr., Assistant Director-in-Charge, Federal Bureau of Investigation, New York Field Office (FBI), announced the superseding indictment.

“As alleged in the superseding indictment, for over a decade, Keith Raniere was the leader of a racketeering conspiracy in which he and members of his inner circle committed a broad range of serious crimes from identity theft and obstruction of justice to sex trafficking, all to promote and protect Raniere and Nxivm,” stated United States Attorney Donoghue. “This  Office and the FBI will continue to investigate and prosecute those who prey on others to such destructive effect.”

Mr. Donoghue expressed his grateful appreciation to the FBI for leading the investigation, and thanked the New York State Police, the FBI Albany Field Office, the New York State Office of the Attorney General, the New York State Department of Health, the
Internal Revenue Service Criminal Investigation, New York Field Office, and the United States Attorney’s Office for the Northern District of New York for their assistance with the investigation.

“As alleged, this long-running conspiracy crossed multiple avenues of criminal activity, which included, among other things, electronic monitoring; identity theft; extortion; victim smuggling; and illegal trafficking of a victim after a period of unlawful confinement. The details of these alleged crimes become more and more grim as we continue to dig deeper into the conduct of this organization and its intended mission,” stated FBI Assistant Director-in-Charge Sweeney. “Today’s superseding indictment highlights our commitment to bringing justice to Nxivm’s many victims.”

The superseding indictment alleges that from at least 2003 through the present, Raniere and his inner circle of co-defendants comprised an organized racketeering enterprise engaged in criminal activities with the aim of promoting, enhancing and protecting Raniere and members of the enterprise by recruiting others into Nxivm and DOS for financial and personal
benefits. Those criminal activities included the following:

 Raniere and Bronfman conspired to commit identity theft arising out of a scheme to
obtain the e-mail usernames and passwords of perceived enemies and critics of Raniere in
order to monitor their electronic communications.

 Raniere and Bronfman participated in an identity theft conspiracy involving the use of
credit card and banking information belonging to one of Raniere’s sexual partners after
her death in November 2016. Bronfman sent Raniere regular emails documenting
expenses charged to the woman’s credit card for Raniere’s “review and approval.” Those
expenses included payments to a chiropractor for Raniere’s benefit, as well as thousands
of dollars’ worth of clothing and shoe purchases for the mother of Raniere’s child.

 Bronfman encouraged and induced the illegal entry into the United States of an alien for
Bronfman’s financial gain, engaging in international wire transfers to make it
fraudulently appear that the victim had the financial resources to obtain an investor visa.

 Raniere and Lauren Salzman trafficked a victim, who was once a sexual partner of Raniere’s, for labor and services. The victim was confined to a room in Clifton Park, New York, for nearly two years as punishment for having romantic feelings for a man
who was not Raniere. The victim was told that if she left the room she would be sent to Mexico without any identification documents. As threatened, she was driven to Mexico and her family was instructed by co-conspirators, including Lauren Salzman, not to send the victim her identification documents.

 Raniere and Lauren Salzman obtained property and services from their slaves through fraud and extortion. After DOS was exposed, Salzman was one of the leaders of a disinformation campaign designed to spread lies about DOS and Nxivm members in order to discredit victims.

 Nancy Salzman, in her role as second-in-command to Raniere within Nxivm, conspired with Raniere and others to obstruct justice by altering records in connection with a civil lawsuit initiated by Nxivm against a former Nxivm student. As part of the discovery in the former student’s countersuit, Nancy Salzman was ordered to turn over videos of courses the student had taken. Nancy Salzman engaged in a scheme to edit videos of courses she had taught to remove materials that she and her co-conspirators believed would have supported the former student’s claims.

 Raniere and Russell conspired to commit identity theft as part of a scheme to smuggle an alien into the United States through Canada after the alien was denied entry. Russell provided the alien with an identification card bearing the last name and birthday of a dead woman.

The charges in the superseding indictment are allegations, and the defendants are presumed innocent unless and until proven guilty. If convicted, the defendants face up to 20 years’ imprisonment for racketeering conspiracy, forced labor conspiracy and wire fraud conspiracy charges, as well as a maximum of 15 years’ imprisonment for the identity theft conspiracy charge. In addition, Raniere and Mack each face mandatory minimum sentences of 15 years’ imprisonment, and up to life imprisonment, on related charges of sex trafficking and sex trafficking conspiracy.

The government’s investigation is ongoing.

The government’s case is being handled by the office’s Organized Crime and Gangs Section. Assistant United States Attorneys Moira Kim Penza and Tanya Hajjar are in charge of the prosecution. Assistant United States Attorney Karin Orenstein is in charge of forfeiture proceedings in connection with the case.

The Defendants:
KEITH RANIERE (also known as “Vanguard”)
Age: 57
Waterford, New York

Age: 39
Clifton Park, New York

Age: 35
Brooklyn, New York

Age: 60
Clifton Park, New York

Age: 42
Clifton Park, New York

NANCY SALZMAN (also known as “Prefect”)
Age: 64
Clifton Park, New York
E.D.N.Y. Docket No. 18-CR-204 (NGG) (S-1)

About the author

Frank Parlato


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  • I’m not American, but I’m used to seeing mug shots being used in the news. Any idea why there are none of this lot? I’d be very happy to see some!

    • I’m not really sure about this, but the feds are probably less likely to leak or give out a mugshot to the media than local county or even state officials. Plus, in this case, with high profile defendants and lawyers, the prosecution is going to be extra careful to avoid being accused of tainting the jury pool.

  • Finally, congrats Frank, Toni, Barbara B and a host of other victims, this case is more important to the DOJ and FBI than Nxivm they need a big win here to regain some of their credibility. They are hoping it will take eyes off of their own bad behavior. It probably will.

  • Could the state of NY or even Canadian authorities file charges against them as well? It seems these crimes covered a lot of time and jurisdictions.

    • State attorney’s tend to defer to the feds and let them prosecute first. That way it’s coming out of federal taxpayers rather than local ones to account for the costs of prosecution. But, yes, there are clearly state violations here that could be prosecuted.

    • Canada is pretty soft on crime. The population of the whole country is something like a tenth of the US, so I guess they figure they can afford to. Sentences are seriously short by comparison. Even if anybody were convicted of something, they can just turn around and get a pardon in a few years.

      • That not actually true by any stretch. If you’ve ever known anyone who’s spent time in prison you hear a different story.

  • The details of these alleged crimes become more and more grim as we continue to dig deeper into the conduct of this organization and its intended mission,” stated FBI Assistant Director-in-Charge Sweeney.

    The government just told you that there will be a third and even a fourth wave of indictments.

    Pay attention, Nicki Clyne and India Oxenburg ( aka Pea Onyou).
    If you don’t cooperate with this investigation you will end up like Allison, Clare and Lauren.

    • Junkyard dogs aren’t chosen for their smarts. It’s about how vicious they can be.

      I suspect now that she is indicted, especially if she doesn’t get bail, a lot more people will be willing to come forward.

      Perhaps even people like Christine Collins who will be wanting to be able to cut a deal for their own tax evasion and money laundering.

  • Now, we need to get Frank’s indictment dropped completely. Maybe send some letters to U.S. Attorney for Western District of New York and AG Jeff Sessions.

    • I thought there was already a motion to dismiss waiting to be heard in that case. doesn’t seem to be updating the docket anymore.

      Agree, though, hopefully dismissed with prejudice tout de suite.

  • While I am grateful to this Donoghue that he is actually moving this case forward, he just thanked a whole entire stack of people who did absolutely zero about the situation with NXIVM prior to the FBI in Brooklyn taking action, including, but not limited to:

    New York State Police;
    FBI Albany Field Office;
    New York State Office of the Attorney General;
    New York State Department of Health;
    United States Attorney’s Office for the Northern District of New York.

    And this is exactly why I have very little hope anything will ever be done about the serious corruption issues in NY.

    • I’m on board with your post, hell they mention these crimes have been going on since 2003. New Pork is really on top of matters…..

    • You are correct. This case will be big, a lot of people will go to jail, but the corruption will remain, bribery will continue. Power does strange things to people.

      • I notice a key phrase, which leads me to believe that the NXIVM indictment will be “the gift that keeps on giving” – “conspired with Raniere and others”.

        So, who’s next on the list? Emiliano Salinas? Rosa Laura Junco? India Oxenberg? Nicki Clyne?

        Guesses? Predictions?

        Michele Salzman’s name hasn’t come up much…as the daughter of “De-Fect”, I have to think she was more deeply involved…so maybe she’s on the DOJ shit list, too.

About the Author

Frank Parlato is an investigative journalist.

His work has been cited in hundreds of news outlets, like The New York Times, The Daily Mail, VICE News, CBS News, Fox News, New York Post, New York Daily News, Oxygen, Rolling Stone, People Magazine, The Sun, The Times of London, CBS Inside Edition, among many others in all five continents.

His work to expose and take down NXIVM is featured in books like “Captive” by Catherine Oxenberg, “Scarred” by Sarah Edmonson, “The Program” by Toni Natalie, and “NXIVM. La Secta Que Sedujo al Poder en México” by Juan Alberto Vasquez.

Parlato has been prominently featured on HBO’s docuseries “The Vow” and was the lead investigator and coordinating producer for Investigation Discovery’s “The Lost Women of NXIVM.” In addition, he was credited in the Starz docuseries 'Seduced' for saving 'slave' women from being branded and escaping the sex-slave cult known as DOS.

Parlato appeared on the Nancy Grace Show, Beyond the Headlines with Gretchen Carlson, Dr. Oz, American Greed, Dateline NBC, and NBC Nightly News with Lester Holt, where Parlato conducted the first-ever interview with Keith Raniere after his arrest. This was ironic, as many credit Parlato as one of the primary architects of his arrest and the cratering of the cult he founded.

Parlato is a consulting producer and appears in TNT's The Heiress and the Sex Cult, which premieres on May 22, 2022.

IMDb — Frank Parlato,_Jr.

Contact Frank with tips or for help.
Phone / Text: (305) 783-7083