Claviger Explains the Real Deal on Restitution for Victims of Raniere

Keith Raniere
K. R. Claviger is our legal correspondent and has always been generous about replying to comments and answering questions of readers.  Here are some of his replies to commenters explaining the upcoming restitution hearings for Keith Raniere.
A Raniere supporter, Suneel Chakravorty, has written that he thinks it is unfair for people who were not proven to be victims in the trial of Raniere to be awarded restitution as victims.  Claviger explains that, while this may be deplorable, it is the current law.
By K.R. Claviger


Just as your wishing that our criminal justice system operated differently in terms of how trials are conducted – and how appeals are limited in scope – doesn’t change anything, so too does your criticism about how restitution is awarded not change anything.

Worse yet, claiming that Keith Raniere is being treated unfairly in terms of being ordered to pay restitution – when, in fact, he’s being treated exactly the same way as any other convicted defendant – underscores your overall lack of understanding of our criminal justice system.

By way of example, if Keith got a speeding ticket for driving at 75 mph in an area that was clearly marked with signs stating that the limit was 45 mph, you’re arguing that Keith should not have been ticketed because the speed limit in the area should be 75 mph. Do you really think that sort of argument will result in the traffic court judge dismissing the speeding charge against Keith?

Keith Raniere has been – and is being – treated in accordance with the applicable rules and standards of our criminal justice system.

You may think that many of those rules and standards of that system should be changed – but that doesn’t mean that Keith Raniere is being treated unfairly within that system.

Because Keith has been – and is being – treated fairly within the rules and standards of our criminal system, I do not think that any of his appeals will result in him getting a new trial.

If you want to change the rules and standards of our criminal justice system, you need to direct your efforts to members of Congress. But even if all of your desired changes were enacted, that may not change Keith’s fate.

He was arrested, indicted, held, tried, convicted and sentenced under our existing system. And unless you can prove that he was treated substantially differently from all the other defendants that have gone through that system, your arguments about him being treated unfairly will continue to fall on deaf ears.

The Dalai Lama with Keith Raniere

Anthony replied to Claviger:

K.R. Claviger

If you and Suneel have any evidence that Keith was treated differently at any stage of his case than the average criminal defendant is treated, please show it to all of us. Simply complaining that the system is unfair – which is all you’ve done so far – is not going to get Keith Raniere a new trial.

Do prosecutors often over-charge in order to force defendants into plea deals? Yes, they do!

Do prosecutors in jury trials often try to portray defendants as “general scumbags” rather than just focus on the elements of each charged crime? Yes, they do!

Do juries often get caught up in emotions rather than simply apply the law in some cases? Yes, they do!

Do judges sometimes hand out excessive sentences because they are so thoroughly disgusted with certain defendants? Yes, they do!

And even if you and Suneel can prove that all those things happened to Keith Raniere, my response is So what…it happens all the time. And appellate courts and the U.S. Supreme Court have set guidelines and standards on all of those issues”.

So, unless you and Suneel can prove – and “prove” is not the same as “allege” – that the existing guidelines and standards regarding one or more of those issues were somehow violated in Keith’s case, there is zero chance that Keith is going to get a new trial.

Keith decided not to take a plea deal.

Keith decided to have a jury trial rather than a bench trial.

Keith decided not to put on any defense.

Next case…

A comment by Anna furthered the debate:

Claviger, your speeding ticket analogy is incorrect. The proper way to compare the two situations is as follows: K gets a speeding ticket because he was driving 75mph. However, there was never any speed limit sign posted anywhere on the road. The only reason he’s being given a ticket is because a bunch of so-called victims are rushing up claiming that there was a speed limit sign when they have nothing to prove it. They aren’t questioned at all, the judge just takes their word for it and gives the ticket anyway.

K.R. Claviger

But even in terms of restitution, there are established rules and standards that will be applied in Keith’s case.

Each person who claims to be a victim will have to show how they were directly harmed by one or more of the crimes committed by the NXIVM defendants. And they’re going to need to show how they calculated the damages for which they are seeking restitution.

Keith will also have an opportunity to challenge each claim for restitution. And he also won’t be “under oath” in terms of whatever he says in his challenges.

This is not the first case in which Judge Garaufis has had to grapple with claims for restitution. He’ll weed out the “hopeful” from the “deserving”.

Suneel Chakravorty
Suneel Chakravorty made a comment in reply to Claviger:

Yes. This way of handling restitution, although antithetical to due process, has become commonplace, as have many of the previous issues I have raised. But I do not believe that just because they are accepted, we should accept them and not publicly criticize them.

Also, when I say I believe Keith Raniere was treated unfairly, I do not mean unfair in comparison to others who have had the misfortune of dealing with the Department of (in)Justice – his treatment is not unique and there are many dealing with far worse.

I mean unfair in comparison to the ideals of justice and due process.

Keith’s case presents an opportunity because it has many factors that make it fascinating to the layperson, and I intend to seize this opportunity to expose not only the issues in Keith’s case but also the systemic problems.

By K.R. Claviger

Where you and I differ is whether Keith’s case is the right vehicle for such improvements to occur – and whether Keith is entitled to a new trial. I encourage you to keep working to improve the system.

I also encourage you to accept the reality that Keith is never going to get out of prison.

Maryb commented:

Keith Raniere is guilty and horrible, but Suneel is right, he didn’t get a fair trial. You sure do things funny over there [in the USA]. Here the victims are the victims of the crimes the Defendant was CHARGED with.
K.R. Claviger replied:

In theory, there must a nexus (direct link) between the one who is claiming to be a “victim” and the crimes(s) that the defendant has been convicted of committing. In practice, however, prosecutors and judges sometimes bend the rule in terms of who is allowed to make a “Victim Impact Statement” at the sentencing hearing of a convicted defendant –and/or to submit a restitution claim.

Clare Bronfman with the Dalai Lama in Albany., May 2009.

In the case of Clare Bronfman, several people who were not directly connected to the two crimes to which she pleaded guilty were allowed to read “Victim Impact Statements” at her sentencing hearing. Insofar as I can recall, Clare’s attorneys did not raise any objections to any of those people being allowed to make those statements.

The same thing happened in the case of Keith Raniere. Once again, I do not recall Keith’s attorneys raising any objections to any of the people who were allowed to make “Victim Impact Statements” at his sentencing hearing.

In Clare’s case, Judge Garaufis ordered her to pay $96,605.25 of restitution to Jane Doe 12 (Sylvie). He also fined her $500,000, ordered her to pay a Special Assessment of $200, entered a money forfeiture judgment of $6,000,000, and sentenced her to 81 months in federal prison (Per the terms of her plea deal, Clare can only appeal the portion of her sentence that is above 27 months).

In Keith’s case, Judge Garaufis fined him $1,750,000, ordered him to pay a Special Assessment of $700 and a $15,000 assessment pursuant to the Justice for Victims Trafficking Act of 2015, and sentenced him to 120 years in federal prison (In addition to appealing his conviction of committing the seven crimes with which he was charged, Keith can – and likely will – appeal several aspects of his sentence). The judge also allowed those who claimed to be “victims” to submit their claims within 90 days of the date of Keith’s sentencing.

Judge Nicholas Garaufis

If Judge Garaufis utilizes a narrow definition of the term “victim”, only those people who were directly affected by the seven crimes of which Keith was convicted (and the sixteen predicate acts underlying the Racketeering conviction) will be awarded restitution. If, however, Judge Garaufis uses a broader definition of that term, then even those who were not directly affected by those crimes and predicate acts will be awarded restitution.


About the author

K.R. Claviger

0 0 votes
Article Rating

Please leave a comment: Your opinion is important to us!

Notify of

Oldest Most Voted
Inline Feedbacks
View all comments
2 years ago

Suneel, perhaps you should read the next article about Cognitive Dissonance and how it may have affected the judge’s decision on these matters you are complaining about. It’s a fascinating read. If you don’t have time. let me sum it up for you here:

You see there is this thing called Cognitive Dissonance. And then there are these toasters that vampires bought for $50. But the vampires got buyer’s remorse and would rather have purchased a blender. And then Keith gets set free. The End.

2 years ago

I enjoyed the re-reads! Once again…
…Great legal explanations!!!! Sensational!
Too bad it’s falling on deaf ears.

I love it when lay people explain the law to an attorney. 😂


Claviger is trying to say “shit don’t work that way in the real [legal] world.”

…And the Nxivm don’t get it! 😂

2 years ago

KR, did the prosecution call an expert witness? Who??

2 years ago

Per usual, the NXIVM followers make the same mistakes other activists do.

They confuse the way they think things should be (fantasy) with how things are (reality). They may think Keith was mistreated under the system (fantasy), but how he was treated is the same as anyone else with him actually benefiting more due to his wealth to get better lawyers (reality). If you want to make your fantasy (more fair justice system) with reality (a deeply flawed justice system that screwed many, but poor and minorities the most), then start voting accordingly for those that want to fix it (reality – those politicians do not really exist currently).

So they can point out all day long about how unfair things are. They are not entirely wrong. But it’s the current reality of the system and that reality means that Keith was treated consistently within that system and will not be able to use that reason for a retrial. Again, until they can point to something that is tantamount to prosecutorial misconduct, then Keith is screwed. It’s really that simple. Attempts to make it more complex doesn’t change your fantasy into a reality.

Change can only be made when you truly recognize the current reality of a situation and what impedes it from becoming the fantasy ideal you wish – and then take actions accordingly (say run for office). Until then, all the essays in the world will change nothing.

Ultimately for me, its rich white guy treated unfairly by the justice system falls under “get the fuck out of here with your privilege.”

About the Author

Frank Parlato is an investigative journalist.

His work has been cited in hundreds of news outlets, like The New York Times, The Daily Mail, VICE News, CBS News, Fox News, New York Post, New York Daily News, Oxygen, Rolling Stone, People Magazine, The Sun, The Times of London, CBS Inside Edition, among many others in all five continents.

His work to expose and take down NXIVM is featured in books like “Captive” by Catherine Oxenberg, “Scarred” by Sarah Edmonson, “The Program” by Toni Natalie, and “NXIVM. La Secta Que Sedujo al Poder en México” by Juan Alberto Vasquez.

Parlato has been prominently featured on HBO’s docuseries “The Vow” and was the lead investigator and coordinating producer for Investigation Discovery’s “The Lost Women of NXIVM.” Parlato was also credited in the Starz docuseries "Seduced" for saving 'slave' women from being branded and escaping the sex-slave cult known as DOS.

Additionally, Parlato’s coverage of the group OneTaste, starting in 2018, helped spark an FBI investigation, which led to indictments of two of its leaders in 2023.

Parlato appeared on the Nancy Grace Show, Beyond the Headlines with Gretchen Carlson, Dr. Oz, American Greed, Dateline NBC, and NBC Nightly News with Lester Holt, where Parlato conducted the first-ever interview with Keith Raniere after his arrest. This was ironic, as many credit Parlato as one of the primary architects of his arrest and the cratering of the cult he founded.

Parlato is a consulting producer and appears in TNT's The Heiress and the Sex Cult, which premiered on May 22, 2022. Most recently, he consulted and appeared on Tubi's "Branded and Brainwashed: Inside NXIVM," which aired January, 2023.

IMDb — Frank Parlato

Contact Frank with tips or for help.
Phone / Text: (305) 783-7083


Would love your thoughts, please comment.x