Hajjar v Tully –2nd Circuit Must Kill ‘Absurd’ Commercial Sex Act Definition; Oral Arguments

On May 3, the US Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit heard the oral arguments of Keith Raniere and Clare Bronfman, convicted in the “NXIVM” case. In this post, Frank Report presents the complete oral arguments for and against Raniere.
Attorney Joseph Tully appeared by Zoom on behalf of Raniere, and AUSA Tanya Hajjar appeared for the US Department of Justice.
Hajjar was part of the DOJ’s team of prosecutors. Tully is the latest of attorneys for Raniere and did not participate as trial counsel.
Raniere is appealing his conviction.

The oral arguments were scheduled for 2:00 pm (EDT), but the proceeding did not start until almost 3 pm.
The three judges hearing the defendant’s appeal were Jose A. Cabranes, [Clinton Democrat], Guido Calabresi [Clinton Democrat], and Richard J. Sullivan [George W. Bush Republican].

The entire hearing was live streamed 

There was no video only audio. There were some parts where the sound was less than optimal, so there may be some lapses in the transcription courteously provided to us by a Frank Report volunteer.

I will make comments for clarification only [in brackets and bold.]


Judge Calabresi:

Here’s USA versus Rainiee and Bronfman. Mr. Tully, is Mr. Tully participating by Zoom?

Tully: Yes, Judge. Joseph Kelly present.

Judge Calabresi:

Yes, go ahead.


Thank you. Joseph Tully on behalf of Mr. Raniere. I would like to thank the court for letting me appear remotely. And I am honored to be here to argue before the court.

The two points I’m going to hit are the Sixth Amendment violation, as well as the commercial sex act instruction supplement. The Sixth Amendment violation is that Mr. Raniere was denied his sixth amendment right under Crawford v. Washington. 41 us 36 2004. when the court prematurely terminated the defense counsel’s cross examination of the government’s key cooperating witness.[Lauren Salzman]

I respectfully request that this court remand this case to the District Court.

The witness at issue from which Mr. Raniere’s trial counsel was cut off was the cooperating codependent. She had pled guilty to racketeering and conspiracy, racketeering before testifying. And she was the eighth witness for the government. The only government witness to plead and testify. The court [the trial judge, Nicholas G. Garaufis] during cross examination cut off cross examination very abruptly. It did so after hearing the defense’s question, and specifically telling the witness, that she could answer that question.

Then when the witness started to answer the question, the court cut her off, and then terminated the cross examination by saying, “counsel, you’re done.” And did this in front of the jury; told defense counsel that he no longer ask any questions. But here’s the key point. The court then solicited more questioning from the government. Twice, the court said after terminating defense counsel’s cross examination, told the government do you have any questions?

Judge Sullivan:
Well, the government generally gets it has some questions. I mean, it goes back and forth, right? You have direct, you have cross, you redirect, recross. So your view is that a cross can’t be terminated unless the Court also denies a redirect?

Tully: No, my view is that the court can’t later claim it was a composure [break] needed for the witness because the court offered the government the ability to solicit further questioning. So the excuse that this was a composer break cannot apply in this case due to that fact.

Judge Sullivan: Well, how long was the cross relative to the direct?

Tully: In terms of proportionality? I’m not certain. But I think that–

Judge Sullivan:
Is that relevant?

Tully: I don’t believe it is because cross examination doesn’t have to be proportional to direct for either side, for either the government or the defense. The defense might have been planning a very long cross examination. I don’t think the record establishes that the defense had a full and fair opportunity to confront and cross examine the witness. So in terms of where the defense was going, the record is absolute proof that the defense did not get to ask all the questions the defense wanted. The trial counsel was trying to establish a defense through this key witness, and was not able to do that. And because of that denial, the Sixth Amendment was violated here.

Judge Sullivan: Well, you’ve identified a number of things that I guess, would be gone into, but many of these things were already addressed, and certainly before the jury, right? Including, I guess, the length of time [prison sentence] that the cooperator was looking at, right?

Tully: I think that the intent of the DOS group, as perceived by this witness, was crucial to this case. And the defense was not allowed specifically to get into that area. And that was one of the main defenses that defense counsel was obviously trying to establish.

And the court [Judge Garaufis]  stepped in and stopped that from occurring.

Judge Calabresi:  Counsel, could you address another point? And that is the admission of the evidence of things [relating] to abortion, which is clearly prejudicial, but which is said to be probative with respect to the age of the one of the people [Camila] who were allegedly maltreated by your side [Raniere]? Could you address the degree of probative? Because our cases are very, very easy on the district court being able to make that judgment, that I would like to hear a little bit more about the [inaudible]

Tully: I think you’re right on point here. It was not probative, and any slight probative value was far outweighed by its prejudicial effect on the jury. Here the government needed to establish that there was a relationship between Mr. Raniere and that individual [Camila], and perhaps the beginning, the genesis of that relationship, the age of the parties during that relationship, but the aspect of the abortion had nothing to do with that. I mean, it was minimal; minimally probative. It was easily proved [the other facts of their relationship] and had been proved other evidence, and yet [the abortion evidence] was allowed in. It was extremely prejudicial.

Judge Calabresi:
Thank you.

Tully: Moving on to the commercial sex act. The jury as instructed was given the law by the judge: [the judge told the jury] A commercial sex act is any act of which value is given to or received by any person because of such sex act.

And then later on [in Judge Garaufis’s instructions to the jury he told them], a thing of value need not involve a monetary exchange and need not have any financial component. By eliminating the quid pro quo causal relationship, the court defines, or the court’s definition of a commercial sex act–

Judge Calabresi:
  Counsel is there any reasonable difference between “because of” and “on account of”? I mean, we’ve used these both interchangeably so often.

Tully: Well, so here, [for a commercial sex act] there needs to be a quid pro quo, causal relationship that has to happen. Otherwise, any sex act, or nearly any sex act, is to be a commercial sex act. The unions that resulted in the makeup of this court would be a commercial sex act. Any sex act where somebody buys the other partner dinner afterwards would be a commercial sex act. My hypotheticals in my supplement remain true.

Judge Calabresi: Counsel, I’m not saying that the question of whether this was for value in this case isn’t close [call]. Would be close. I’m just saying that the argument is made reversibly close [that is strong enough to get the conviction on the sex trafficking charge vacated] by the use of a word “because of” rather than “on account of.”  [That] doesn’t strike me as going anywhere. The argument is that somehow there wasn’t enough evidence? Well, again, our cases are pretty strong [precedent] in letting it go to the jury. I’m interested that the jury found it found.

Tully: Again, so I think ‘on account of’ implies more of a quid pro quo relationship [than ‘because of’.] And, I’m not necessarily limiting my argument to, ‘on account of’ or ‘because of’ being tantamount. To be acceptable there needs to be a quid pro quo, causal relationship. Again, other than that, my hypothetical of a boss and his wife having marital relations one night, and the boss buying his staff lunch the next day, because he’s in a good mood, would be a commercial sex act. So that has reached an absurd point, and you reach an absurd conclusion, and it’s this court’s obligation to stop absurdity in the law from occurring.

Judge Calabresi: Now, Mr. Tully, I just want to note for the record, I have given you twice as much time as you originally allocated, but that’s fine. I just want to point out that you will reserve one minute rebuttal, but I have a clerical question for you. To clarify the record, have you submitted, as part of the record, an unredacted copy of the memorandum and order that was issued by Judge Garrafus on May 3, 2019 ruling on your motions in limine? Do you remember that?

Tully: I don’t recall that, no. Judge Calabresi

Judge Calabresi: Maybe Mr. [Ronald] Sullivan [Bronfman;s attorney who was present] will have something to add to that. But in any event, why don’t you just make a note of it? Judge Garafush on May 3, 2019 ruled on your [Raniere’s] motions in limine and he did so in an unredacted memorandum and order. And so the question is whether that ought to be part of the record here. I assume so. So perhaps you could arrange with the clerk’s office to submit an unredacted copy by tomorrow at the close of business Eastern time? Thank you.

Tully: I will do so, thank you.

Judge Calabresi:Thank you very much.

[What followed was the oral arguments of Bronfman attorney Sullivan, which we will present in another post.Fiollowing his argument, AUSA Hajjar spoke addressing Tully’s arguments.]

Ms. Hajjar: Good afternoon, and may it please the Court. My name is Tanya Hajjar. I represent the government on this appeal for the District Court. With the court’s permission, I will address the arguments raised by Mr. Tully, counsel for Raniere, and my colleague Kevin Trowel will address the arguments raised just now by counsel for Miss Bronfman.

I’d like to start where Mr. Tully began, which was the limitations on cross examination of Lauren Salzman, the cooperating witness who testified in this case.

Raniere’s counsel [Marc Agnifilo] indicated the record was unclear about how much time the counsel at trial intended to cross examine Miss Salzman, but the record is quite clear about that. The record reflects that Raniere’s counsel had indicated to the court that he had approximately 15 more minutes, that he intended to conclude by the end of the day, this is government appendix 395. And that he was nearing the end of the cross examination. That’s government, appendix 384.

And Judge Garrafus’s ruling at the end of the trial, denying the motion for the mistrial reflects that. He [Judge Garaufis] stated, “you told me.” This is addressing counsel for Raniere, “you were going to finish by the end of the day. It was about 10 to five at the time that I instructed you to sit down because you were not following my instructions about the questions you were asking and placing the witness in some peril, having a breakdown, as you pointed out at the time.” And just to respond to Mr. Tully’s point about redirect. There was no redirect in that case. The court, the the cross examination and examination of Ms. Salzman terminated at the end of this colloquy. Counsel for Raniere failed utterly both in the briefing before the district court and in his appellate briefs, what questions if any, he would have asked on cross examination.

Judge Sullivan: Well, it sounds like they would have been the standard things that you ask, I guess, at the end of a cross of a cooperator, which is ‘you’re looking at a lot of time unless the government writes you this letter ?’ “You’re going to be facing, you know, a gazillion years.’ That’s just sort of that usual stuff.

Hajjar: Yes. And I would note, your honor, that the cooperation agreement was in evidence. But even more critically here, there was no effort. This was an unusual treatment of a cooperating witness in the sense that there was no effort [by Agnifilo] to challenge Miss Salzman’s credibility throughout the cross examination. Counsel at no point attempted to cast Miss Salzman as uncredible or a liar, or that she was lying, that the lie was occasioned by her agreement with the government. Rather, counsel made a strategic choice, used open-ended questions throughout cross examination to elicit favorable testimony; he made use of information.

Turning then to– unless you’re the court has further questions, turning then to the argument set forth in Raniere’s supplemental brief regarding the district court’s instruction on commercial sex. The complaint that Raniere’s counsel makes regarding the substitution of the phrase ‘because of’ or ‘on account of’ was not preserved [for appeal by Agnifilo] and in any event, it’s meritless because the instruction given was accurate. There is no difference between those phrases, and there was no error in the charge, much less plain error.

Judge Calabresi: Could you address the introduction of the abortion evidence and how that really is relevant? And if it couldn’t have been done in a way that was much less prejudicial? And know, we almost always give the district court full discretion in that [they usually don’t second guess the trial judge on whether evidence is prejudicial], but wasn’t this really a bit going out of the way?

Hhijar: Yes, Judge Calabresi. The district court didn’t abuse its discretion, and permitting the government to introduce two fairly limited types of evidence regarding abortion in this case. And that evidence was first Daniella’s testimony regarding having underwent an abortion as well as her sister Camilla. And the medical records that were introduced for the purpose of demonstrating that Camilla had indicated to medical professionals that she had been five years with partner [Raniere] and she was 18 at the time of that statement. That were the two categories of evidence of abortion. And what’s significant here, and what the district court recognized was that Daniella’s testimony made clear that Pamela Cafritz, that’s the woman referred to in Raniere’s brief as Raniere’s closest confidant and supporter, brought Daniella to the [abortion] clinic and told Daniela to lie about the identity of the father [Raniere] of her child and her immigration status [she was illegal, from Mexico]. And Cafritz  subsequently accompanied Camilla to the same clinic and instructed Daniela and Camilla, about what to say and what to do at the clinic and, quote, “made sure everything went according to plan.”

The District Court acknowledged the sensitivity of the evidence relating to abortions, but found it relevant to both the child [sexual] exploitation charges [of Camila] and the lengths to which Pamela Cafrtiz  who is a member of the [racketeering] enterprise went to groom Raniere’s sexual partners, which was among the means and methods that were alleged in the enterprise. And who/where it was involved–

Judge Calabresi: Listen. Wasn’t there a lot of evidence that could have been introduced to make the same points about timing and something else [other than introducing abortion]? Which wouldn’t go into that issue? The issue of abortion, which is the hardest issue in current life today? I mean, we’re not talking about a simple issue, which is somewhat prejudicial or something, we’re talking about something that is in the newspapers every single day. Now, the government for introducing that is doing something that’s rather dramatic. And I know district court’s have discretion, but isn’t this a case where one could say it’s just not been wisely executed?

Hajjar: I apologize Judge Cabranes, I couldn’t hear the end of your remarks. But with respect to your question about–

Judge Calabresi: Hold on a second. Judge, would you care to repeat your remarks?

Judge Cabranes: Yeah, We don’t normally say that this is something that is out of line, but wasn’t, given a current situation, that sort of situation that might be appropriate to say that the district court just went beyond what is the appropriate discretion?


Hajjar: I believe the District Court did appropriately balance the potential prejudice here with the probative value of the evidence. I will note there was far greater evidence of abortions that could have been introduced, but was not.

The judge directed the government to be circumspect about what it admitted and what testimony it introduced. And the government asked the witness [Daniela] to describe her experience, which she did, and described what, again, the woman that Raniere says is his closest confidant, supporter and was part of the charged enterprise, did in connection with concealing the identity of Camilla, the father of the child of both Daniela and Camilla, and asking them to lie about other salient details, including their immigration status.

That her involvement in that was significant and important to establish, your honor. And I do think it was done with sensitivity to the subject of abortion and what it could mean.

Judge Cabranes: Thank you. Unless your honors have further questions.

Judge Calabresi: To go back to this clerical inquiry of mine. To Raniere’s counsel. You recall the unredacted copy of the memorandum and order of Judge Garafus of May 3, 2019?

Hajjar: May 3rd 2019?

Judge Calabresi:
Yes. Ruling on Raniere’s motions in limine?

Hajjar: May just have a moment to look?

Judge Calabresi: Sure. It’s really a mechanical concern of mine. If Raniere’s counsel has any difficulty, I’m sure you will be able to help him get the unredacted document before us?

Hajjar: Yes, of course, your honor. We’ll do that.

Judge Calabresi: Okay. Thank you.

[Following Hajjar, AUSA Kevin Trowel replied to Bronfman’s attorneys arguments, which we will report in a subsequent post. after Trowel finished, Tully was given a chance to make a one minute rebutall.]

Judge Calabresi: All right, Mr. Tully. You’re still with us I’m sure. You reserve one minute.

Tully: Thank you very much. I will address counsel’s [Hajjar] points. In terms of cross examination, it is a very fluid process. Fifteen more minutes, I would say every person who has ever advocated in court knows that that is not an accurate statement. Furthermore, cross examination means oftentimes you want to end on a crescendo. That was cut off.

Judge Sullivan: But why would it have been a crescendo? I’m trying to figure that out. I mean, highlighting her, the cooperator’s, the fact that she’s looking at potential sentence. What a plea agreement said, I mean, these are all things that would undermine the jury’s confidence in this witness, but it seemed like this witness’s credibility was not really attacked in summations. Was it?

Tully: Exactly. So I would concur on that point. The witness’s credibility was not [challenged] correct, because the intent of cross examination [of Laruen Salzman] was to elicit testimony regarding the intent or state [of mind] claimed, as it relates to racketeering. If her state of mind was to produce goodwill in the world, clearly, this wasn’t racketeering. And that’s precisely why her credibility was not questioned. So that’s not an issue.

The defense attorney [Agnifilo] was building to a crescendo of getting to her intent on racketeering. The judge said he cut it off because the trial was going into a one. And that’s not true. The court listened to the question and said ‘you may answer.’ The government just brought up that the court said that the witness needed a composure break, and that was not true, because again, the court twice tried to elicit the government to engage in recross, or redirect. And the government declined to do so. So the government wasn’t foreclosed from doing it where the defense was.

In terms of abortion, images of fetuses were shown to the jury. So that is highly prejudicial. Images of fetuses that were eventually aborted were shown to the jury. Again, highly prejudicial.

And to address for the last time counsel’s statements ‘because of.’  Think of any sex act in the world, and the jury instruction covers this. A commercial sex act is any sex act of which anything of value is given to or received by any person ‘because of’ such sex act.

So ‘because of’ the union that produces court, one of the first things I said was that I was honored to be here. A thing of value does not need to involve monetary exchange. I’m honored to be here. This court is here, that makes all the union’s that produced this court a [commercial] sex act. It’s so wide open, takes to an absurd (inaudible). And this court must put an end to it.

Respectfully, must remand this case back to the District Court.

Judge Calabresi: Thank you, Mr. Tully, very much.




The government’s brief

Raniere’s brief 

Raniere’s supplemental brief

Bronfman brief 

About the author

Frank Parlato


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  • Keith had the clan’s only elbow, but his elbow could never get straight. When Robbie’s elbow got in the way, Keith noted he had a sharp elbow.

  • “My penis is no different than my elbow. It’s just skin” – Keith Alan Raniere.

    True. This is why some men are always pushing their wives’ heads down to their elbows.

    And why sometimes men get a massage with full elbow release.

    Some cult leaders even have a “binder of elbows”.

    Instead of photographing their slave women’s spread inner labia, they take photos of their followers’ bent arm.

    Perhaps coincidentally, those cult leaders are not in prison.

    If the vanguard of a humanitarian movement ever tells you that his penis is the same as his elbow, tell him that you agree. And are willing to suck his elbow.

    There should be no objection from him – for they are no different. Just skin.

    If your cult leader asks for up close pussy porn after teaching you this interchangeable elbow and genital module — instead send him close-ups of your elbow for collateral (blackmail).

    The cult leader will be impressed that you are potently at cause in your understanding of the tech.

    • Didn’t Allison Mack say that sex was nothing special and was just like playing tennis.

      If I were to look at it the same way, I would conclude that you can play tennis in singles or doubles and it doesn’t matter in detail who you play tennis with if you just look at it as a sport or recreational activity.

      But in tennis tournaments or in professional sports, you can’t choose your tennis opponents. But with sex it stops with me, I am not indifferent with whom I have or want to have sex. It’s not comparable to tennis.

      In fact, I believe that Allison Mack also said that in the context of her sex slaves to “normalize” the seduction and sex orders she gave so that the sex slaves would fulfill their “orders”. Blackmailing sex trafficking is a better word for it.

      • @2:10 am

        Yes. And if sex and tennis are interchangeable then why not give the DOS slaves, “Tennis Assignments”?

        Wait. Does this mean the middle of the night volleyball games actually were orgies?!

        • Can’t be a coincidence that they played volleyball on a basketball court. Guarantee the court was strategically set up so Keith’s side would get to serve from one of the elbows.

          Surely it would have been midnight basketball if not for tiny little Keith getting his shot blocked by his defender’s elbow everytime he’d try to shoot from the elbow. Plus, libero was made for Vanguard. And the kneepads – Vanguard just had to wear those kneepads.

      • I’m confused. All I know is whenever I want to play tennis, I find a real skinny girl with a jungle crawling out of her underpants, and I have her stroke my elbow. It doesn’t help me improve my forehand stroke, but that urge for tennis is satisfied.

          • Ha ha. True. It’s odd that the goal was to make human sex purely mechanical. Or sports like in nature. Even birds exhibit courtship behavior. And mating has more than a sexual element for most mammals.

            It is also such typical Raniere bullshit.

            Why couldn’t the women “play tennis” with other players? If it’s “just skin” why did the women all have to monogamous to Keith?

            Why couldn’t the women of DOS ” hit the backboard” alone (masturbate)?

            If sex is just exercise?

            Why couldn’t Sylvie have sex – whoops – play tennis with her own husband for 2 years?

            It was so clearly just to “serve” Keith.

  • If anything about Tully’s 6th Amendment violation the Judges will find the line of questioning was not going anywhere but to torture Lauren Salzman.

    Raniere was handing questions to his lawyer on Post-it notes solely for his entertainment.

    There was no questioning trying to discredit her as a witness Hajjar pointed out.

    Judge Garaufis has made several warnings about the line of questioning but yet it continue on.

    To give Raniere another trail or let him out of prison after all he has done over maybe 15 more minutes when his attorney has been going no where isn’t going to happen.

    As far as the questions about abortions, that wasn’t even part of Raniere’s appeal.

    Sex Trafficking charge, there was more evidence that a simple bus ticket than what Tully has brought up.

    Taking your staff to lunch the next day because you where happy because you got sex the night before = commercial sex.

    That is not what Raniere did. He didn’t have the funds to take himself out to lunch remember. Lunch just appeared for him.

    If you remember anything from the trial. People were sent to sueduced him, have sex with him in DOS. Not just one person.

    These Judges will see through Tully’s petty arguments and Raniere’s appeal will be turned down.

  • The FBI conspiracy accusations being made by Tully/Raniere are eyebrow raising simply because they are so outlandish, that the US Govt would go to extraordinary lengths to frame Clare’s stinky boyfriend. The nuance in turn of phrase they allege is as ridiculous. I’m certain Tanya Hijar will school Tully like she has all his predecessors on the law and expose them for they fools they continue to be. Btw: is it me or is Tanya a total smoke show ? 🤩

  • I wish Tully could have made this a fair fight. There are substantive issues in this case, he needed to illustrate them.

    At this point, I wouldn’t hire him to fight a traffic ticket.

  • Re Tully’s Clare Bronfman Appeal:

    I have to give the devil his due — Tully did a good job on Clare’s appeal….

    And to be fair, Tully had jack shit to work with on Keith’s appeal.

  • What’s with Tully not understanding filing? A judge had ask prosecution to help defense with paperwork because Tully can’t figure it out (again)?

  • Tully’s oral argument didn’t seem to make much of an impression on these judges. Surprisingly, even the issue of Salzman’s cross examination having been cut short failed to impress, and that issue was Raniere’s only real chance.

    The issue of prejudicial abortion testimony did raise some interest among the judges, but I think that had more to do with the Supreme Court leak on Roe v. Wade being so much in the news. Hajjar handily put the matter to rest.

    Tully’s obscure quibble over “because of” and “on account of” merely puzzled the court. The two obviously have the same meaning.

    Conclusion: Tully struck out.

  • Is it just me, or does Tully repeat himself without making a significant or persuasive argument?

    And, what about the evidence, the images of Camila, being manipulated by the FBI?

  • Too bad Raniere couldn’t send his minion women after Hajjar while she was in court with a pity party story and pressure her into doing some EMs for her “ethical” breaches.

  • I listened live, and when I heard it, something stood out to me during that exchange and after reading the transcript, it still stands out to me.

    When he says the abortion was “minimally probative”. He’s not denying the abortion, he’s trying to say only that it was prejudicial and not probative. And by virtue, that is him admitting that the abortion was real. And then when he says ” It was easily proved and had been proved other evidence…” That is him admitting that it is proven that she was underage at the time of the relationship.

    So, it seems to me that Tully committed a ‘gotcha’. While arguing that the abortion shouldn’t be allowed as testimony because it was prejudicial, he did admit that the abortion, and the illegal sexual relationship, did happen. It’s like in order to prove one, he had to admit the other.

    I am curious if anyone else agrees with that. And if so, how would that impact any other arguments that Raniere’s legal teams make either in new arguments, or retrial.

    Also, with regards to the abortion, neither Tully or Hajjar seemed prepared for that line of questioning. Tully stumbled all over himself it seemed. Hajjar didn’t really seem prepared either, but at least she had the benefit of going second and had about 5 minutes to prepare herself. This is an opportunity that keith’s lawyer really missed out on because none of the judges were buying anything he said, except for one judge on this subject matter area. I found Tully to be a shitty and ineffectual litigator.

    (Also, Clare’s lawyer got his ass whooped and was a stumbling blubbering mess I thought. More on that later when Frank posts her transcript)

  • I’ve heard judges know what they’re going to rule before they enter the court. It seems Judge Sullivan has his mind made up.

    • I’ve heard that you’ve heard that judges know what they’re going to rule…

About the Author

Frank Parlato is an investigative journalist.

His work has been cited in hundreds of news outlets, like The New York Times, The Daily Mail, VICE News, CBS News, Fox News, New York Post, New York Daily News, Oxygen, Rolling Stone, People Magazine, The Sun, The Times of London, CBS Inside Edition, among many others in all five continents.

His work to expose and take down NXIVM is featured in books like “Captive” by Catherine Oxenberg, “Scarred” by Sarah Edmonson, “The Program” by Toni Natalie, and “NXIVM. La Secta Que Sedujo al Poder en México” by Juan Alberto Vasquez.

Parlato has been prominently featured on HBO’s docuseries “The Vow” and was the lead investigator and coordinating producer for Investigation Discovery’s “The Lost Women of NXIVM.” Parlato was also credited in the Starz docuseries "Seduced" for saving 'slave' women from being branded and escaping the sex-slave cult known as DOS.

Additionally, Parlato’s coverage of the group OneTaste, starting in 2018, helped spark an FBI investigation, which led to indictments of two of its leaders in 2023.

Parlato appeared on the Nancy Grace Show, Beyond the Headlines with Gretchen Carlson, Dr. Oz, American Greed, Dateline NBC, and NBC Nightly News with Lester Holt, where Parlato conducted the first-ever interview with Keith Raniere after his arrest. This was ironic, as many credit Parlato as one of the primary architects of his arrest and the cratering of the cult he founded.

Parlato is a consulting producer and appears in TNT's The Heiress and the Sex Cult, which premiered on May 22, 2022. Most recently, he consulted and appeared on Tubi's "Branded and Brainwashed: Inside NXIVM," which aired January, 2023.

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Contact Frank with tips or for help.
Phone / Text: (305) 783-7083
Email: frankparlato@gmail.com