Sentencing Reports Will Be Made for Vanguard

MK10ART's painting of Keith Alan Raniere where he presently resides.
Attorney Omar Rosales

By Omar W. Rosales, J.D.

So, the question on everyone’s mind is – what happens next? Say you dreamed up a scam to swindle people out of millions of dollars. You managed your criminal enterprise, ahem – I mean business – across two continents; slept with hundreds of women; created a group of sex slaves for yourself; and tortured these women with low-calorie diets, sleep deprivation, and branding.

Sure enough, the FBI caught you in Old Mexico, seized your hideouts and property, and you were found ‘Guilty on All Charges’ before a jury of your peers. What happens next in the Federal system? Well, if your name is Keith Alan Raniere, Prisoner 57005-177, your life is about to change drastically for the next 20 years.

In Federal Court, the sentence is determined by the presiding judge. He or she has the sole authority to mete out the length of a convicted defendant’s sentence. But how does the federal judge make this determination? The answer is, in part, influenced by a report prepared by the U.S. Department of Probation known as the Presentence Investigation Report or the PSR/PSI.

After the person is convicted, her/his assigned Probation Officer will make an appointment to interview the inmate. The Probation Officer (or PO) will ask if the defense counsel would like to attend. It is not required for the defense counsel to be there. Some attorneys go, some do not. The interview is primarily biographical. The report contains biographical information to determine the offender’s links to the community and the likelihood that he or she will re-offend.

Once the interview is complete, the PO will go back and formulate the report to include a summary of the charged conduct, offense level, adjustments, enhancements, and downward departures. Again, upward departures increase the sentence. Downward departures decrease the sentence. Upward departures occur with aggravating factors such as larger monetary loss or higher number of victims. Downward departures occur with an early plea, acceptance of responsibility, cooperation, testimony, and in some cases safety valve. Safety valve is a program for first-time offenders that are facing mandatory minimum drug charges. If they cooperate, the offender can use the safety valve to obtain a sentence below the mandatory minimum.

Some of the important sections of the PSR include:

The Offense – a summary of what the person was convicted of.

Charges and Conviction – what Federal law the offender violated, when and how the person was convicted.

Offense Conduct – what the person did that constituted the offense.

Offense Level Computations – Offense level determined after the base offense level, specific offense characteristics, and adjustments are calculated.

Offender’s Criminal History – The offender’s previous convictions in State or Federal court.

Offender’s Personal History – Biographical data based on the interview.

Sentencing Options – Guideline Range which states the term of custody, the term of supervised release, and whether or not probation is authorized. This section also details the fines, special assessments, and restitution that the offender must pay.

Factors that May Warrant Departure – Any additional factors that may allow a downward or upward departure. An example of a downward departure is an early disposition program created by the Attorney General of the United States to reduce offense levels. An example of an upward departure would be evidence of additional crimes or a longer-running conspiracy that was presented at trial. Although the offender was not charged with additional crimes, the evidence demonstrated that the enterprise was more vast and caused more damage than the offender was charged with.


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4 years ago

“He may be going to hell in a bucket,
But at least Keith’s enjoying the ride…” – The Grateful Dead

orangecountydreams - OCD
orangecountydreams - OCD
4 years ago

I predict he will lie about his biographical information, and will not accept one iota of responsibility. In addition, the criminal behavior continued for over two decades, unabated and escalating.

Big J
Big J
4 years ago

As I was reading, I was thinking he would deny every criminal act they went over with him. This is one time I bet he is more defiant, and not a whiny bitch. That comes later.

About the Author

Frank Parlato is an investigative journalist.

His work has been cited in hundreds of news outlets, like The New York Times, The Daily Mail, VICE News, CBS News, Fox News, New York Post, New York Daily News, Oxygen, Rolling Stone, People Magazine, The Sun, The Times of London, CBS Inside Edition, among many others in all five continents.

His work to expose and take down NXIVM is featured in books like “Captive” by Catherine Oxenberg, “Scarred” by Sarah Edmonson, “The Program” by Toni Natalie, and “NXIVM. La Secta Que Sedujo al Poder en México” by Juan Alberto Vasquez.

Parlato has been prominently featured on HBO’s docuseries “The Vow” and was the lead investigator and coordinating producer for Investigation Discovery’s “The Lost Women of NXIVM.” Parlato was also credited in the Starz docuseries "Seduced" for saving 'slave' women from being branded and escaping the sex-slave cult known as DOS.

Additionally, Parlato’s coverage of the group OneTaste, starting in 2018, helped spark an FBI investigation, which led to indictments of two of its leaders in 2023.

Parlato appeared on the Nancy Grace Show, Beyond the Headlines with Gretchen Carlson, Dr. Oz, American Greed, Dateline NBC, and NBC Nightly News with Lester Holt, where Parlato conducted the first-ever interview with Keith Raniere after his arrest. This was ironic, as many credit Parlato as one of the primary architects of his arrest and the cratering of the cult he founded.

Parlato is a consulting producer and appears in TNT's The Heiress and the Sex Cult, which premiered on May 22, 2022. Most recently, he consulted and appeared on Tubi's "Branded and Brainwashed: Inside NXIVM," which aired January, 2023.

IMDb — Frank Parlato

Contact Frank with tips or for help.
Phone / Text: (305) 783-7083


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